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Archive for the ‘Netherlands history’ Category

Now we come to the parents of Lukas Bomhof, the Waterloo musketeer, and the grandparents of my 2x great-grandmother, Jennie Zuidweg, who died in Kalamazoo at age 85. The library in Kalamazoo must have opened back up because they sent me Jennie’s obit that I had ordered at the start of the pandemic. It doesn’t say anything new, but it is nice to have. For now I will post it here, but eventually I plan to move it to Jennie’s fill-in-the-gap post.

This image was enhanced by the My Heritage program to clear up the blurry newsprint. Here is what it says about Jennie:

Mrs. Jennie Zuideweg (sic), 85, died at the home of her daughter, Johanna Van Liere, 1208 S. Burdick Street, Saturday. Funeral services will be held from the home Tuesday afternoon at 2:00. The Reverend William Van Vliet will officiate, and burial will be in Riverside Cemetery.

Mrs. Zuideweg (sic) is survived by a son Adrian; her daughter, and nine grandchildren.

Jennie’s grandfather, Albert Hendriks Bomhof, was originally known as Albert Nijentap. Around 1812, Albert changed the family surname (including that of his three adult sons) to Bomhof (in Windesheim, Overijssel). According to Yvette Hoitink, “in the province of Overijssel, it was common to be named after the farm you lived on. It was only with the French occupation that people were obliged to take a hereditary surname. Nijentap may be the name of the farm that the family lived at.” I need a little more understanding of that because I believe the French occupation lasted only until 1813, so 1812 is a pretty late date to change the name.

Albert was born about 1756, based on his death record which states that he was sixty when he died on 8 May 1816 in Windesheim. So Albert changed their name only four years before he died.

You see where this leads with Albert’s son Lukas, my 3x great grandfather. Since he was born Lukas Nijentap, maybe I wasn’t looking for his baptism record under the right name; I will have to revisit the search for the birth information on Lukas.

Albert married Zwaantje Janssen (possibly Janssen van Rijssen). The couple had the following children: Lukas Nijentap/Bomhof, born 9 Dec 1788, Windesheim, Overijssel, the Netherlands; Jan Nijentap/Bomhof (born about 1786); and Hendrik Nijentap/Bomhof (born about 1787).

This information was found by Yvette Hoitink in these two places:

1. Zwolle, Overijssel, the Netherlands, marriage supplements, 1825, 75, Lucas Bomhof-Jeuntien Dansser, 13 October
1825; digital images, Familysearch
(https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-15331-25133-30?cc=1831469&wc=10704236 : accessed 24 December 2012)
2. Zwolle, Overijssel, the Netherlands, marriage record, 1825, 75, Lucas Bomhof-Jeuntjen Dansser, 13 October 1825;
digital images, Familysearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-11514-26006-7?cc=1831469&wc=10704172 :
accessed 23 December 2012)

I do not have a marriage record for Albert and Zwaantje, nor do I have birth/baptism records for either one of them. I don’t even have their exact dates and places of birth.

So many of my Dutch ancestors seem to have been people from towns with the sort of occupations that were found in towns. My conjecture about Albert is that he was a farm laborer, perhaps more like a peasant. Since his son Lukas became an innkeeper and then a shoemaker it seems likely that Lukas may have somewhat improved his situation by his time as a soldier.

While I don’t have Zwaantje’s death record, I do have one for Albert (as I mentioned, age sixty on 8 May 1816).

I thought a map to locate Windesheim and Zwolle, or the province of Overijssel, would be useful.

See where Overijssel is on the east side of the country? That is where Windesheim and Zwolle are. But most of my ancestors lived in Zeeland (far southwest of the country) and even South Holland and Utrecht–all in a row. Albert’s granddaughter, my great-great-grandmother Jennie Zuidweg, who died in Kalamazoo, traveled all the way from Zwolle to Goes where she married Johannes Zuijdweg (later John Zuidweg). She apparently followed her brother to Goes, but how he ended up there I don’t yet know. Jennie also was probably not like the town people in Goes. She traveled the farthest that I’ve found so far in terms of distance and probably lifestyle.

Here is arguably the most famous building in Windesheim.

By Onderwijsgek at nl.wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0 nl, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=635630

What is now the Reformed Church was a famous monastery, known as the Windesheim Canons. This place was known for people like Thomas a’ Kempis, Johann Busch, Gabriel Biel, and Erasmus. Eventually the Reformation brought destruction to part of the campus. The property was owned by a farmer in the 19th century, before becoming the home of the Reformed Church in Windesheim. I’m sure that the complete history of this building would make an exciting book or movie.

Knowing this about Windesheim and also that it is now the location of The Windesheim University of Applied Sciences makes it harder to swallow that Albert Bomhof was a peasant. All that education so nearby. All that fascinating history evolving within walking distance. All happening while he was working in the fields for someone else.

 

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Did you catch that in the title? Carel and Johanna are both my 4x great-grandparents and my 5x great-grandparents!

How is that possible? Through my maternal grandfather, Carel and Johanna are my 4X greats, the parents of Johanna Mulder who married Adriaan Zuijdweg, the tailor. Through my maternal grandmother, Carel and Johanna are my 5x greats, as they were also the parents of Karel Mulder and Rose Melanie Bataille who I haven’t even scanned for gaps yet since they are 4X and I only just started working on 4X!

I have not found a baptism or birth record for Johanna, but believe she was born around 1782 (based on her death record) and probably in Middelburg, which is the capital city of Zeeland. Carel was baptized in Goes on 8 March 1780. Here is the record.

1 – Zeeuws Archief

I have an index for the marriage of Carel and Johanna in April 1803, but not a copy of the record itself. They were married in Middelburg. I do not know what brought Carel to Middelburg to meet Johanna. By 1812 he was a shopkeeper in Goes.

I do have death records for both Carel and Johanna.

We happen to have a little more info about Carel than some of these other ancestors from this long-ago period as there are documents that give an idea of what was going on in his life.

After being a shopkeeper, Carel worked as a prison guard, or assistant of the jailor. In 1841, he got in trouble when he didn’t show proper submission to the jailor. He was suspended for four weeks without pay. I prefer to believe that his boss was a jerk and the suspension was unavoidable.

In 1846, Carel suffered from a debilitating illness that made it impossible for him to continue working. His son-in-law Pieter Steutel was allowed to substitute for him. Pieter was the husband of Carel and Johanna’s oldest child, Jacoba.

My many times removed cousin Elly Mulder provided me with two articles about Carel’s pension. The other information came to me from Yvette Hoitink (* see her research at the end of the post). I am sorry, but the articles are not translated. (A future project is to get translations of each document in my collection, but that will have to wait for now).

Carel Mulder was honorably discharged on 31 August 1846. After a lot of bureaucracy, he was awarded a pension by Royal Decree on 11 March 1847 (starting 1 September 1846). He died just two months after the final decision.

I would love to know more about the jail and what it was like in those days, 200 years ago. What did it look like? What was the job of a “jailer’s hand” like? Did it contribute to Carel’s illness?

###

*Yvette’s research:

Carel Mulder37–39 was born about March 1780 in Goes, Zeeland, the Netherlands.40 He was baptized on 8 March 1780 in
Goes, Zeeland, the Netherlands.40 On 3 December 1812 he was a shopkeeper in Goes, Zeeland, the Netherlands.20 On 6
November 1829 Carel was a jailor’s hand.41 On 29 December 1831 he was a jailor’s hand.42 On 5 May 1836 he was a jailor’s
hand in Goes, Zeeland, the Netherlands.21,37 Carel witnessed the declaration of the birth of Karel Mulder on 21 February
1837 at C 129 in Goes, Zeeland, the Netherlands.8 On 21 February 1837 he was a jailor’s hand in Goes, Zeeland, the
Netherlands.8 On 10 May 1838 he was a jailor’s hand.43 On 12 December 1841 Carel was a prison guard at the house of
arrest in Goes, Zeeland, the Netherlands.44–45 He insulted a jailor and did not show him the submission he was supposed to.
He was suspended by the governor of Zeeland for a period of four weeks without pay. On 5 June 1846 he was a prison
guard in Goes, Zeeland, the Netherlands.46 He was too ill to do his job as a prison guard, so the regents of the prison that his
son-in-law Pieter Steutel could take over for him On 31 August 1846 he was discharged as a prison guard. On 11 March
1847, the King awarded Karel Mulder a pension of 104 guilders, starting 1 September 1846.47 Carel died on 19 May 1847 at
the age of 67 in Goes, Zeeland, the Netherlands.39 He was also known as Karel Mulder. Johanna Cornaaij and Carel Mulder were married on 22 April 1803 in Middelburg, Zeeland, the Netherlands.48

Johanna Cornaaij37–38 was born about 1782 in Middelburg, Zeeland, the Netherlands.49 She lived in Goes, Zeeland, the
Netherlands on 5 May 1836.21,37 She died on 26 May 1863 at the age of 81 in Goes, Zeeland, the Netherlands.49

Endnotes from Yvette Hoitink:

37. Goes, Zeeland, the Netherlands, marriage record, 1836, 15, Adriaan Zuidweg-Johanna Mulder, 5 May 1836; digital
images, Familysearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-11539-85068-10?cc=1831469&wc=10707155 :
accessed 23 December 2012)
38. Goes, Zeeland, the Netherlands, death record, 1878, 55, Johanna Mulder, 11 June 1878; digital images,
Familysearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-11565-20033-21?cc=1831469&wc=10707221 : accessed 23
December 2012)
39. Goes, Zeeland, the Netherlands, death record, 1847, 140, Carel Mulder, 19 May 1847; digital images, Familysearch
(https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-11565-33066-75?cc=1831469&wc=10707218 : accessed 24 December 2012)
40. Dutch Reformed Church (Goes, Zeeland, Netherlands), “Doop Boek van de Gereformeerde kerke der stad Goes,
zijnde begonnen met den jare 1768 [Baptism book of the Reformed Church of the city Goes, being started in the year 1768]”,
unpaginated, Carel Mulder, 8 March 1780; digital images, Familysearch (http://familysearch.org : accessed 28 July 2013).
41. Zeeuws Archief, Zeeuwen Gezocht (http://www.zeeuwengezocht.nl : accessed 28 July 2013), database, entry for
entry for marriage record of Cornelis Mulder and Janneke de Zeeuw, 6 November 1829
42. Zeeuws Archief, Zeeuwen Gezocht (http://www.zeeuwengezocht.nl : accessed 28 July 2013), database, entry for
entry for marriage record of Pieter Steutel and Jacoba Johanna Mulder, 29 December 1831
43. Zeeuws Archief, Zeeuwen Gezocht (http://www.zeeuwengezocht.nl : accessed 28 July 2013), database, entry for
entry for marriage record of Johannes Mulder and Henderika Johanna Hogesteger, 10 May 1838
44. “Notulen van het Kollegie van Regenten over het Huis van Arrest te Goes [Minutes of the college of regents of the
house of apprehension in Goes],” 1839-1849; “Strafinrichtingen [Prisons] Zeeland,” record group 254, call number 4;
Zeeuws Archief, Middelburg, Zeeland, Netherlands, p. 158-159v.
45. Governor of Zeeland, letter, to Regents of house of arrest of Goes, 20 December 1841; Relatieven serie ‘A’, Eerste
Afdeling [correspondence series A, first deparment], 16-31 December 1841, letter 12269; “Provinciaal Bestuur van Zeeland
[Provincial government of Zeeland] 1813-1850.” record group 6.1, call number 795; Zeeuws Archief, Middelburg,
Netherlands.
46. “Notulen van het Kollegie van Regenten over het Huis van Arrest te Goes [Minutes of the college of regents of the
house of apprehension in Goes],” 1839-1849, p. 207v.
47. “Notulen van het Kollegie van Regenten over het Huis van Arrest te Goes [Minutes of the college of regents of the
house of apprehension in Goes],” 1839-1849, p. 227v.
48. Zeeuws Archief, Zeeuwen Gezocht (http://www.zeeuwengezocht.nl : accessed 14 June 2013), database, entry for
“trouwgeld [marriage dues] Carel Mulder en Johanna Carnaay”, 22 April 1803
49. Goes, Zeeland, the Netherlands, death record, 1863, 72, Johanna Cornaaij, 26 May 1863; digital images,
Familysearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-11565-36032-73?cc=1831469&wc=10707220 : accessed 24
December 2012)

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Now I move into the 4x great-grandparents. The information gets scanty, and this generation did not immigrate to the United States. I’m going to start with my maternal grandfather’s ancestors–once again, because the inspiration for this blog came from his family.

Grandpa’s surname Zuidweg came from Cornelis Zuijdweg, who was born on 22 5 May 1781 in Goes, the son of Adriana and Paulus.

He was born during the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War, a conflict between Great Britain and the Dutch Republic between 1780-1784. This war was somewhat related to the American Revolutionary War because it had to do with whether it was legal for the Dutch to trade with Britain’s enemies in the ARW. The Dutch Republic was the second European country to diplomatically recognize the Continental Congress, less than a year after Cornelis was born. 

This painting is of The Battle of Dogger Bank, which took place the year Cornelis was born, between the Dutch and the British. You can read about it on Wikipedia.

The Dutch were led in battle by Vice Admiral Johan Zoutman.

Cornelis married Geertrui den Herder who was born on 22 May 1780 12 December 1779 in Kloetinge (which is next to Goes), the daughter of Antona and Adriaan. The name Den Herder probably means “The Shepherd.” The couple married on 4 January 1803, in Goes, Zeeland, Netherlands. They had at least two children during their marriage, Adriaan (1805 – 1851), my 3x great-grandfather, and Antonia Adriana (1810-1881) who married Johan Pieter den Boer. 

Cornelis worked as a fish inspector and, possibly, some other type of inspector. However, at the time of the wedding of their daughter Antonia to Johan, Cornelis is listed as a shopkeeper. Geertrui is listed as a laborer at one point, so it’s probable that she worked for someone else.

Geertrui died on 22 May 1838 in Goes, at the age of 58.

Goes, Zeeland, the Netherlands, death record, Geertruida den Herder, 22 May 1838

Just over a year later, Cornelis married Catharina Geertrui van Kleef on 25 July 1839, in Goes. He died on 9 November 1841, also in Goes, at the age of 60.

Goes, Zeeland, the Netherlands, death record, Cornelis Zuijdweg, 9 November 1841

Did you notice all those May 22 dates? Here is what I know: Geertrui’s death record in 1838 is definitely May 22. But the other May 22 dates? They came from other sources, and I don’t believe them.   I no sooner published this post than Yvon Rijshouwer of Gouda responded with some more information from the Population Register in the Goes archives (which I did not know exists). Geertrui was a married housewife of the Reformed faith. Kornelis was a fish inspector of the Reformed faith. I have adjusted the birth dates of both Kornelis and Geertrui based upon Yvon’s information. They are no longer May 22!

Here is the address in Goes where the family lived.

Source: Bevolkingsregister 1831-1836, wijk D,
Street: J.A. van der Goeskade Tussen de 2 Poorten. (between the two gates)
Kornelis lives there with
Geertrui den Herder, wife,
Adriaan Zuidweg, son, born 28/1/1805, Goes, tailor
Benjamin Kornelis den Boer , grandson. born 13/5/1831, Goes.
Oh my, so son Adriaan lived there because he wasn’t yet married apparently. He was married in 1836. But why was the grandson living with them when Kornelis and Geertrui’s daughter and son-in-law were not? Was it a temporary situation? I believe the couple was still alive. This baby, “Benjamin Kornelis,” was already in my records, but as Kornelis Benjamin.
I do not have copies of the couple’s birth records. I don’t even have their marriage record, although annoyingly I have the marriage record between Cornelis and his 2nd wife, Catharina van Kleef.

So I am looking for both birth/baptism records, their marriage record, and possibly any military history for Cornelis. Onward!

P.S. And now I have this new online source: https://gemeentearchief.goes.nl/

 

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My next fill-in-the-gaps couple is Grandma’s great-grandparents–my 3x greats, Karel Pieter Philippe Mulder and Johanna Maria Boes Mulder.

Here are the Ancestry-created bios:

When Karel Pieter Philippe Mulder was born on February 21, 1837, in Goes, Zeeland, Netherlands, his father, Karel, was 24 and his mother, Rose, was 27. He married Johanna Maria Boes and they had six children together. He also had three sons and three daughters with Klazina Otte. He died on April 22, 1881, in Goes, Zeeland, Netherlands, at the age of 44.

When Johanna Maria Boes was born on July 8, 1835, in IJzendijke, Zeeland, Netherlands, her father, Izaak, was 30, and her mother, Adriana, was 26. She married Karel Pieter Philippe Mulder on November 7, 1861, in Goes, Zeeland, Netherlands. They had six children during their marriage. She died as a young mother on November 19, 1867, in Goes, Zeeland, Netherlands, at the age of 32.

Karel’s family had been in Goes and would continue in Goes, for the most part. But Johanna was born in a town about 30 miles away from Goes. She would marry, live, and die in Goes.

Such a sad story. After bearing six children, Johanna died at age 32. Her sixth child was stillborn about six weeks before Johanna herself passed. Also, a daughter born three years before had also passed away as an infant, only a few months old. The other four children, all boys, survived. One of them was my 2x great-grandfather Pieter Mulder who immigrated to the United States with his wife and first two children.

Karel himself was two years younger than Johanna, so when she died, he was a 30-year-olg widower with four children. Nine months later, he married Klazina Otte. He had six children with Klazina. I have written before about the situation with this family. Karel ended up being a prosperous merchant, but when he died at age 44 in 1881, Klazina was left with her own children, as well as the two youngest children of Johanna’s. Those two were sent to the orphanage in Goes. I wrote about it here: Pieter the Orphan. In that post I wrote how Karel owned the store with family members, and I don’t know how that affected things financially when he passed. Perhaps Klazina couldn’t care for that many children physically. Perhaps she couldn’t afford to. I wondered if the family had been “severed” from the boys being sent to an orphanage, but then I was contacted by family in the Netherlands who shared with me a letter from Pieter to his half-brother Jan: The Treasure that Arrived in an Email. Then I could see that the siblings kept in touch. That was wonderful news.

So what do I have about Karel and Johanna and what am I missing?

For Karel, I have his birth and death records. I also have his marriage records for Joanna. I have information from Yvette Hoitink about Karel’s business and real estate ownership. In working on this fill-in-the-gap project I dug up a marriage record for Karel and Klazina.

For Johanna, I have her birth, marriage, and death records.

I found a painting to represent Johanna on Ancestry. This painting is of a woman from the same town Johanna was, painted by Jan Haak. Maybe this is how she looked when she got married, before she had six children.

Yvette Hoitink was able to find some information about Karel’s military history–namely, there is none. That is because he was actually too short to be taken for the military.

 

KAREL PIETER P. MULDER

  1. 21 February 1837, Goes m. 7 November 1861, Goes

Karel Pieter Mulder married in Goes in 1861, so his marriage supplements did not survive. Goes enlistment records were ordered. He married at age 24, so could have fulfilled his military before marriage.

Karel Mulder in militia registration, 1856 Source: Goes, lists of men registered for the National Militia, levies 1851-1862, 1856 no. 27, Karel Mulder; call no. 1438, archives of the city of Goes, 1851-1919, Goes Municipal Archives, Goes; scans provided by Goes Municipal Archives.

2

Abstract:

No. 27, lot no. 77

Karel Mulder, born Goes 21 February 1837. Physical description: 1.495 m, broad face and forehead, blue eyes, pointy nose, ordinary mouth, round chin, bond hair and eyebrows, no noticeable marks. Son of Karel [Mulder] and Rose Melanie Bataille. Occupation: apothecary’s hand, father: shoemaker Informant: himself.

This shows the name as Karel Mulder, not Karel Pieter P. Mulder. Karel Mulder is the name found in previous phases. The birth date and parents match the information previously found, proving this is the correct person.

Karel Mulder in militia enlistment, 1856 Source: Goes, lists of men registered for the National Militia, levies 1854-1862, 1856 no. 29, Karel Mulder; call no. 1484, archives of the city of Goes, 1851-1919, Goes Municipal Archives, Goes; scans provided by Goes Municipal Archives.

Abstract:

No. 29, Karel Mulder. Born Goes 22 February 1837. Height: 1.495 m Son of Karel [mulder] and Rosie Melanie Bataille Occupation: apothecary’s hand, father shoemaker Informant: himself

Lot number 77

Undersized, one year delay.

This shows that Karel Mulder was too short to have to serve in the military. He got a one year delay to see if he would grow. Unfortunately, the Goes archives did not check the register for the next year to see if he made the mark that year.

Later from Yvette by email:

The Goes archivist had to be in the archives and checked the following years of militia enlistment registers, but Karel Mulder does not appear in the later years. It appears he never served in the military on account of being too short.

It looks like Karel never got tall enough for the military. Maybe he was happy about that, maybe not.

So how short was he? I believe he was about 4’9. I do think that a line of short men came from this branch. His grandson, my great-grandfather, was not a tall man, although definitely taller than 4’9. After that the men were taller as my great-grandmother was tall.

The gaps I have for Karel and Johanna will probably always be places where I have to insert my imagination. I have all the main pertinent documents relating to their lives.

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My next fill-in-the-gaps couple is Grandma’s great-grandparents–my 3x greats, Jan Gorsse and Kornelia Heijman Gorsse.

Here are the Ancestry-created bios:

Jan Gorsse was born on October 29, 1840, in Goes, Zeeland, Netherlands, the son of Neeltje and Willem. He married Kornelia Heijman on September 4, 1862, in his hometown. They had two children during their marriage. He died on April 25, 1911, in Goes, Zeeland, Netherlands, at the age of 70.

When Kornelia Heijman was born on February 1, 1840, in Goes, Zeeland, Netherlands, her father, Willem, was 27, and her mother, Pieternella, was 27. She married Jan Gorsse on September 4, 1862, in her hometown. They had two children during their marriage. She died on December 20, 1909, in Goes, Zeeland, Netherlands, at the age of 69.

Notice that the bios state that the couple had two children. That is all I know about right now. It is possible that there were more. Since I am so focused this year on my direct ancestors I am not putting the time into searching laterally right now. The two children I know about are my great-great grandmother Neeltje Gorsse Mulder and her sister Wilhelmina. Because Neeltje wasn’t born until almost seven years after the couple married and then her sister two years later, it is possible that the couple did have other children before Neeltje–children that either lived or died in infancy.

I read over that paragraph and thought: why not do a quick wiewas wie search. Just for a few minutes. Guess what I discovered? Three children of Jan and Kornelia who all died in February 1879: 5-year-old Gerard, 3-year-old Jan, and 15-month-old Hendrica. So I did some conjecturing. These children were younger than Neeltje and Wilhelmina, thus more vulnerable. One of Neeltje’s descendants believed that the tuberculosis that killed her was something that she brought with her from the Netherlands. Could her younger siblings have died from it?

I am guessing that Neeltje named her sons Jan and Henry after her deceased siblings, but it is possible she only used the names for her father and another family member. Here are the death records.


 

 


 

Keep in mind that I need to do a more exhaustive search in the future. I need to look for the birth records for these children, as well as seeing if there were other children in the family.

For both Jan and Kornelia I am lucky enough to have birth, marriage, and death records. Maybe it helps that they both were born, lived, and died in Goes–all in one city.

From Yvette, I obtained Jan’s military record. Here is a summation:

  1. 29 October 1840, Goes m. 4 September 1862, Goes

Jan married in a period where marriage supplements do not survive. He married at 22, so either he did not have to serve, or got permission from his commanding officer. Enlistment records in Goes were checked.

Jan Gorsse in militia registration, 1859 Source: Goes, lists of men registered for the National Militia, levies 1851-1862, 1859 no. 21, Jan Gorsse; call no. 1438, archives of the city of Goes, 1851-1919, Goes Municipal Archives, Goes; scans provided by Goes Municipal Archives.

Abstract:

Jan Gorsse, born Goes 24 October 1840 Physical description: 1.683m, oval face, narrow forehead, blue eyes, ordinary nose and mouth, round chin, blond hair and eyebrows, no noticeable marks. Son of Willem [Gorsse] and Neeltje Reijerse. Occupation: laborer, father broom maker. Informant: himself.

This record gives Jan’s name as Jan Gorsse, not Gorsee and has a slightly different birth date than the date provided by Luanne Castle. The original birth record showed the name as Jan Gorse, born 29 October 1840. The birth record named the parents as broom maker Willem Gorse and Neeltje Reijerse.1 This information perfectly matches the information in the militia registration, proving this is the correct record.

1 Civil Registration (Goes), birth record 1840 no. 184, Jan Gorse (29 October 1840); “Zeeuwen Gezocht,” index and images, Zeeuws Archief (http://www.zeeuwsarchief.nl : accessed 13 March 2020).

Jan Gorsse in militia enlistment, 1859 Source: Goes, lists of men registered for the National Militia, levies 1854-1862, 1859 no. 17, Jan Gorsse; call no. 1484, archives of the city of Goes, 1851-1919, Goes Municipal Archives, Goes; scans provided by Goes Municipal Archives.

Abstract:

No. 17.

Jan Gorsse, born Goes 29 October 1840, height 1.683, son of Willem [Gorsse] and Neeltje Reijerse. Occupation: laborer, father: broom maker. Informant: Himself

Assigned lot number 61.

Designated for duty.

Entered into service in the place of Petrus Arnoldus Franken, levy 1858, deceased. 2nd regiment infantry. Passport 1 March 1863 muster roll no. 48491.

This record has the correct birth date of 29 October 1840.

This shows that he was initially not supposed to serve, but entered in the military to make up the numbers because another man in his levy passed away.

Military record of Jan Gorsse Source: 2nd Regiment Infantry (Netherlands), muster roll of petty officers and men, 1859-1860, no. 48491, Adriaan Zuijdweg; digital film 008341183, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSTP-QWV9-4 : accessed 10 March 2020).

Abstract:

No. 48491.

Jan Gorsse Son of Willem [Gorsse] and Neeltje Reijerse Born Goes 29 October 1840, last residence Goes

Physical description at arrival: 1.709 m, oval face, narrow forehead, blue eyes, ordinary nose and mouth, round chin, blond hair and eyebrows, no noticeable marks.

Service: On 14 May 1859 assigned as soldier for the time of four years as a conscript of the levy of 1859 from Zeeland, Goes no. 61. Replaces the deceased soldier Franken, Petrus Arnoldus of the levy of 1858 see no. 25 regiment grenadiers and hunters. reserve On 17 April 1860 inactive On 15 July 1861 on grand leave

Promotions [blank] Campaigns [blank]

End of service: 1 March 1863 received passport of for expiration of military service.

This confirms he served in the place of someone else. He served for four years, including two years of training and two years of grand leave. He got out of the army on 1 March 1863.

Let me sum up the summation (haha). At first Jan (pronounced Yahn) did not have to serve (he won the lottery so to speak), but then he had to take the place of someone who had passed away in order to keep up the numbers for his area. He ended up serving for four years, being discharged on 1 March 1863, which is a half year after he and Kornelia married.

Something I have started to notice from the descriptions that I have been provided for the men on my maternal side. I haven’t found one yet that wasn’t a blue-eyed blond. When I was little, I remember my father telling me about how blue eyes were a recessive gene, which of course went way over my head. What I took away was that he was surprised that I had blue eyes since he had brown eyes and my mother blue. But at least one of Dad’s grandparents was blue-eyed (his mom’s mother) and it looks like my mother’s family was awash in blue eyes, so I guess it makes sense that my eyes turned out blue. Of course, I still don’t understand recessive and dominant genes!

This is a windmill in the hometown of Jan and Kornelia, Goes in Zeeland, built in 1801. it’s called De Korenbloem.

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My next fill-in-the-gaps couple is one that merged the Mulder and the Zuijdweg families—and the reason my grandparents, a Mulder and a Zuidweg, were distant cousins because it grafted the Zuijdwegs onto the Mulder tree. Note: even in the Netherlands, the surname is sometimes spelled Zuijdweg and sometimes Zuidweg.

Adriaan Zuijdweg was born in 3 February 1805 in Goes, Netherlands. Adriaan was a tailor, so I found this image online to represent him. Unfortunately, I can’t locate anyone to credit for it, but would love to do so.

Apparently this seated position was common to tailors.

Johanna Mulder was born 10 March 1807, also in Goes. She was baptized on 29 March. The couple married 5 May 1836. Johanna worked as a maid at the time of the marriage.

In 1846, facing economic and religious pressures, Adriaan applied for the town of Goes to pay for he and his family to emigrate to the US, but he must have been denied. I suspect he was part of the separatist movement within the Reformed Church and wanted to join the group in Zeeland, Michigan. He must have been very disappointed that he couldn’t emigrate. You can read about the documentation for this on the old post: My Dutch Family Almost Arrived in the U.S. Decades Earlier.

Five years later, on 2 April 1951, he was dead at the age of 46.

The couple had six children. One of them was my 2x great-grandfather, Johannes Zuijdweg.

The youngest child, Willem, was a baby when his father died. Life must have been hard for Johanna after that. The economy in Goes at the time was not good and now she had six children, even a baby, to support by herself.

Many years later, Willem immigrated to Michigan in 1889 with his wife and two sons (a baby girl died in the Netherlands). The older brother, Adrian, was named for his grandfather, as was my great-grandfather. He lived in Cascade in Kent County.  The younger brother, James William, changed his surname to Southway which is what Zuijdweg means. He lived in Detroit. Willem and his family were the first Zuijdwegs to live in the United States. Willem managed to fulfill his father’s dream of living in the United States. Willem’s brother Johannes, my great-great-grandfather, did not immigrate until he was much older–he followed his own son to the U.S.

On 11 June 1878, Johanna passed away at the age of 71. There is documentation that she was working as a “laborer” when she was in her early sixties. I suppose it’s possible she worked until she died.

I have the marriage and death records for both husband and wife. I also have the documention of Adriaan’s denied request to leave the Netherlands. I was able to get Adriaan’s military records from Yvette Hoitink.

According to Yvette’s research Adriaan did not serve in the military. Here is the military record (part of it):



I am missing both birth records for Johanna and Adriaan. And I sure wish I had photos, but considering that they were born in 1805 and 1807, I suppose that hope is unrealistic!

In general, now that I am back with an early generation in the Netherlands, this is what I can look for:

  • birth record
  • marriage record (including if there was more than one marriage)
  • death record

These are what I can generally find, but not always, through Wiewaswie and other online sources. Yvette was able to search military records for me. And sometimes I have been blessed with information from Dutch cousins and readers, such as newspaper information. Because I can’t read Dutch if I want a less haphazard method of obtaining newspaper articles, I would need to hire a genealogist, such as Yvette, to search. Yvette’s expertise means that she knows how to find certain information that is not readily available–and where there are gaps of records because of fire, etc.

I had been frustrated that I have not been able to find birth records for Adriaan and Johanna as of yet.  BUT maybe that was because I should have been looking for baptismal records instead! When I searched for those, I found Johanna’s baptismal record dated 29 March 1807. Her religion at birth was “Low German Reformed,” which simply means Dutch Reformed. “High German” is Lutheran. I had to order this record for a cost, but it got to me yesterday, in time for this post. Here is the cropped page for 1807. Johanna is at the bottom of the image.

1 – Zeeuws Archief

Maybe one day I will find Adriaan’s birth or baptismal record. I wonder if there is a spelling discrepancy either on the record itself or in the indexing.

 

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The last fill-in-the-gaps couple I wrote about was Teunis and Jacoba Paak, the parents of Alice Paak DeKorn. Today I am writing about the parents of Alice’s husband, Richard DeKorn. He was born to Boudewijn and Johanna (Remine) DeKorn in the Netherlands.

Richard’s father Boudewijn (Dutch for Benjamin) DeKorn was born on June 11, 1816, in Kapelle, Zeeland, Netherlands, to Jan DeKorne, 23 years old, and Geertruijd Engelse, who was 27. Boudewijn married Johanna Remine on May 21, 1847, in their hometown. Johanna was born in Kapelle to Dirk Gillesz Remijnse, 30 years old, and Adriana Krijger, also 30.

The couple had four children in 11 years: first born Geertruit died as an infant, but then Richard was born in 1851 and Maria in 1855. The fourth, Adriana, called Jennie, was not born in the Netherlands.

The family of four traveled to America on a sailing vessel which left April 13, 1856 and arrived at Kalamazoo June 22, 1856. The voyage was bad and long, and Richard and Mary, their children, stated it took 90 days. They located in Zeeland, Michigan, for a few years.

Eventually, the family moved to Kalamazoo, although I am not sure when they made that move. They were in Ottawa County (Zeeland) in the 1860 census, but when Johanna passed away in 1864, they may have been living in Kalamazoo because she is buried there.

Now we come to a big gap. I do not have a death record for Johanna because 1864 was a little before Kalamazoo started recording deaths. I don’t know exactly when she died, and I am using her headstone to give me a date. Maddeningly, it doesn’t even give her name! Just “MOTHER” and “WIFE OF B. DEKORN.” Good grief.

You know what else would be nice to have on Johanna? An obituary. I don’t have one for Boudewijn either, and I suspect that there might not be one. After all, Boudewijn was a laborer when he lived in the Netherlands. He didn’t live long enough in Zeeland to have built up a business. Then in Kalamazoo I’m not sure what he did. Since his son Richard became a very successful contractor, though, it is possible that he got his start from his father. So if Boudewijn did have a business in Kalamazoo, there might be an obituary for him, although not necessarily for Johanna since she obviously died soon after their move to Kalamazoo.

Boudewijn died on 1 July 1875 in Kalamazoo. I know this because Wayne Loney found the death record although the name was severely mangled. And the condition of the record is very faded. I tried to enhance it as much as possible. His entry is the 8th from the bottom. On the right page his son Richard’s name is clearly visible. Also his age at death of 59 and his job as laborer. But I really cannot read the cause of death, unfortunately.

I am hoping to get immigration and naturalization information on the couple from Amberly at some point. That will be very helpful as it will also provide the immigration for Richard and possibly a clue about his naturalization.

According to Yvette Hoitink, there was a fire in Kapelle in 1877 that destroyed the military records for that town, so there is no practical way to find out if Boudewijn served in the military.

So I will always be missing his military, and I am missing obits for both husband and wife. And hoping for the I&N. I have something on Boudewijn that I do not have for Johanna. A photo!

Pretty cool to have a pic of your 3x great! Is that some sort of plaid I am seeing on his shirt or am I imagining that? I was thinking that this was a reprint made a few decades after the original was made. Or even a reprint of a reprint. Could the original have been a tintype?

I keep going back to look through the photo album of Remine/Paak photos, thinking that if there was a photo of Johanna it would be in there, but nobody seems to be the right age In the right time period. It’s possible that in this portrait Boudewijn had already lost Johanna, in fact, since she died when he was 48.

I’ve started using paintings as portraits on my Ancestry tree for direct ancestors that I do not have photos for. I am also using a photo of baby feet for children who died before age five, and a photo of the back of a girl’s head with braids for girls who died before age 18. I haven’t had to find one for boys yet. Any ideas what to use?

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On my Ancestry DNA account I probably have more matches to this branch of the family than any other. The Mulders were also the extended family we shared holidays and visits with more than the rest. They were my mom’s aunts, uncles, and cousins. The oldest person I knew in that branch was my great-grandfather, Charles Mulder.

Peter (Pieter) and Nellie (Neeltje) were his parents, and they immigrated from Goes, Zeeland, Netherlands when Charles, their first born, was just a toddler. He had a baby brother Jan who did not survive to grow up in the United States. After moving here, they had more children.

Here are a couple posts about this couple:

Pieter the Orphan Peter was sent to the orphanage.

Mulders Everywhere This post has a lot of photos of Nellie and Peter

The Treasure that Arrived in an Email This letter was written by Peter after Nellie passed away

When I went to organize what I had on Peter and Nellie, it was pretty easy because I already had so much information. What I do not have is Peter’s obituary, and I will order it when offices open back up. They are currently closed because of the pandemic. I do have Nellie’s meager obituary. I apologize that it appears blurry. That is the best that can be done with this article from 1932. It gives the list of those that survive her, her address, about the funeral and viewing. It also mentions she was 64-years-old.

From Nellie’s death certificate, we know she died of “pulmonary TB.” Her granddaughter Mary, one of Henry’s (Charles’ brother) daughters, recalled that her grandmother was sickly.  She thinks she was even sick when she came to the US from the Netherlands.  It is possible that she had TB when she emigrated to the US, and if so, very likely that she exposed/infected her family members with TB.  (info from cousin Merry)

Amberly worked on the immigration and naturalization of Peter and Nellie, but I already knew the couple had arrived on the Zaandam on 29 August 1887. There is one more piece of information we need, but I cannot order it until the archives open back up.

I also needed military information on Peter, which I did get from Yvette:

So Peter did not serve in the military. He was able to marry at age 19 and immigrate to the United States at age 21. This would not have happened if he had had to serve.

I’ve been blessed with a lot of information on Peter and Nellie. I also wrote about them in my chapbook Kin Types, imagining them as a young courting couple.

 

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This week I worked on Grandpa’s grandmother, Jennegien (Jennie) Bomhoff Zuidweg, born 5 March 1838 in Zwolle, Overjissel, Netherlands. Unlike most of my Dutch ancestors, Jennie was not born in Zeeland. Overjissel is in the eastern part of the country and centuries ago was part of Utrecht. It might always remain a mystery how she came to marry a man from Zeeland.

You can find out about Jennie in these posts. A lot of information can be found there.

What Did She Keep in All Those Pockets?

Kalamazoo Woman Supports WWI Troops

Jennie died when Grandpa was about 16 years old. I wish I could ask him more information about her now, but maybe he didn’t remember that much about her. Jennie and Johannes Zuidweg were almost a generation older than Grandpa’s other grandparents, Richard and Alice DeKorn. They also immigrated when they were pretty old, whereas Richard was a tiny boy and Alice a teen, so Johannes and Jennie’s habits would have been European and not American. My impression is that it’s likely that the Zuidwegs were not as central to the lives of the rest of the family in the way that the DeKorns were.

A curious story that my grandfather told me very insistently was that Jennie’s family was Jewish and that made his father Jewish. Because Grandpa was sure, I was sure. However, once Jennie’s documents were discovered it became clear that this could not be true.  I don’t know where the story originated or if there is some truth hidden somehow behind the documents. Without more information, my conclusion is that Jennie came from a Protestant family.

I had marriage, death, 1910 census, headstone, photo, and I manage her memorial page on Findagrave. One point about her marriage. Jennie and Johannes married in 1869 in Goes, Zeeland. That is about 150 miles away from where Jennie was born and lived. According to Yvette Hoitink, “that is an uncommonly large distance for somebody to travel in the 19th century, especially for an unmarried woman from the working class. Further investigation showed that her brother Albert Bomhoff was married in Goes in 1867. It must be through this connection that Jennegien moved to Goes, where she worked as a maid prior to her marriage.”

I also had her birth record, but hadn’t loaded it on Ancestry or really done anything with it. I asked people on Dutch Genealogy group on Facebook to read the birth record for me. I was able to confirm the birth date that I had of 5 March 1838, the place being Zwolle, and the names of her parents. I also received the names of the witnesses: 1) Lambert Velthuis, age 37 job peat carrier living in Zwolle 2) Johannes Weijl age 40 peat carrier living in Zwolle.

This week I made a computer folder and put all Jennie’s records in it. I also ordered her obituary from the Kalamazoo Public Library. Since Michigan is locked down right now, it might be awhile, but I hope eventually they can find it

As with Jennie’s husband, Johannes, I’m waiting immigration and naturalization info from Amberly.

I am particularly grateful that I have three photographs of Jennie, and that Grandpa actually knew her. Because of my grandfather’s stories, he has brought to life for me all the family members that he once knew when he was young.

 

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I will continue to move forward with updates about my fill in the gaps project. If anything, the pandemic has reinforced to me that I need to get the rudiments of my family history completed so that I can get digital copies to other family members.

So I moved on to Grandpa’s Zuidweg grandfather, Johannes Zuidweg, born 23 December 1842 in Goes, Zeeland, Netherlands.

You can find out about him in these posts. A lot of information can be found there.

I have these records: birth, marriage, criminal, death, obituary, 1910 census, headstone, photo, and I manage his memorial page on Findagrave.

Did Johannes serve in the Dutch military? I did ask Yvette to research this question, and this is her summary reply:

Johannes Zuijdweg, born 1842. He was found fit for duty and designated to serve.
Unfortunately, the enlistment registers did not identify the regiment he served in, so his
military records could not be located.

What a shame! I would love to know more about his military service, especially in light of the disturbing news that he served two months in jail for theft after the accidental death of son Lucas. I discuss this crime in the two blog posts above.

Here is Yvette’s more detailed response:

Johannes Zuijdweg in militia registration, 1861
Source: Goes, lists of men registered for the National Militia, levies 1851-1862, 1851 no. 8,
Johannes Zuijdweg; call no. 1438, archives of the city of Goes, 1851-1919, Goes Municipal
Archives, Goes; scans provided by Goes Municipal Archives.
Abstract:
No. 8, Johannes Zuijdweg, born Goes 23 December 1842.
Physical description: 1.601 m, long face, narrow forehead, grey eyes, ordinary nose and
mouth, round chin, brown hair and eyebrows, no noticeable marks.

Son of Adriaan [Zuijdweg] and Johanna Mulder
Occupation: “kruidewerker” [spice worker, probably: grocer], father deceased, mother maid
Informant: himself.
Johannes Zuijdweg in militia enlistment, 1861
Source: Goes, lists of men registered for the National Militia, levies 1854-1862, 1861 no. 36,
Johannes Zuijdweg; call no. 1484, archives of the city of Goes, 1851-1919, Goes Municipal
Archives, Goes; scans provided by Goes Municipal Archives.
Abstract:
No. 36, Johannes Zuijdweg, born Goes 23 December 1842.
Height: 1.601 m
Son of Adriaan [Zuijdweg] and Johanna Mulder.
Occupation: “kruidenwerker” [grocer], father deceased, mother maid
Informant: himself
Lot number 59
Designated to serve.
Regiment: [blank]
These registers show that Johannes Zuijdweg was found fit for duty and designated to serve.
Unfortunately, the register does not indicate which regiment he was in, so his military record could
not be located.

As far as Johannes’ immigration and naturalization information, I am awaiting the completion of the project Amberly is undertaking for me. He only lived in the United States for ten years before his death (1901-1911), so I think it’s unlikely that he was naturalized.

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